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Control of bleeding is important in every surgical procedure, even minimally invasive ones. The extent of intra-operative bleeding depends on a number of factors, including the type of procedure and types of medicine given intra-operatively. One other factor is the method of hemostasis the surgeon uses during the procedure. Not all products work the same. For example, cardiac patients are often placed on anti-coagulant medicines during surgery and may experience a significant amount of bleeding.
Wounds must be effectively closed and bleeding controlled to ensure the success of surgical procedures. Failure to close surgical wounds completely can result in serious or possibly life-threatening complications, including blood loss, tissue damage, infection and excessive scarring. If bleeding persists during a difficult operation, a blood transfusion may be required.